Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020

The conversion of a cardiac rhythm or electrical pattern to another, generally from an abnormal one to a normal one. It can be accomplished by using medications or by electrical shock with a special defibrillator. It is used to treat many types of fast and/or irregular heart rhythms. Most often, cardioversion is used to treat atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Life-saving cardioversion can be used to treat ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation. Abnormal heart rhythms are slightly more common in men than in women and the prevalence of abnormal heart rhythms, especially atrial fibrillation, increases with age. Atrial fibrillation is relatively uncommon in people under age 20.


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Basic information Medscape, synchronized electrical cardioversion Medscape, defibrillation and cardioversion Patient, defibrillation and cardioversion American heart association, cardioversion Medline plus, cardioversion Mayo clinic, cardioversion Webmd, the facts about cardioversion Merck manual, direct-current (dc) cardioversion-defibrillation Bupa, cardioversion Aha, using electrical cardioversion for atrial fibrillation Cardioversion, electrical cardioversion - defibrillation

Advanced information Aha journals, circulation, cardioversion American family physician, drugs for conversion of atrial fibrillation Jama, time to cardioversion for acute atrial fibrillation and thromboembolic complications Optimal anticoagulation strategy for cardioversion in atrial fibrillation Healthplexus, cardioversion to “kick-start” a heart to normal sinus rhythm

Research Science direct, thromboembolic complications after cardioversion of acute atrial fibrillation : the fincv (finnish cardioversion) study, doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2013.04.089 Jacc, role of transesophageal echocardiography-guided cardioversion of patients with atrial fibrillation, j am coll cardiol. 2001 ; 37(3) : 691-704. Doi:10.1016/s0735-1097(00)01178-5 External and internal electrical cardioversion: comparative, prospective evaluation of cell damage by means of troponin i, rev esp cardiol. 2002;55:227-34 - vol. 55 num.03 Scielo, electrical cardioversion and myocardial injury: evaluation by new cardiac injury markers, “tricks of the trade” in achieving a successful result for those who fail standard electrical cardioversion Role of conscious sedation for external cardioversion, heart 2001; 86:571-572 doi:10.1136/heart.86.5.571a Review article, esophageal electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: when esophagus gives a help to cardiologists, Biomed central, rhythm-af: design of an international registry on cardioversion of atrial fibrillation and characteristics of participating centers, bmc cardiovascular disorders 2012 12:85, doi: 10.1186/1471-2261-12-85, crijns et al.

Http:// Jafib, role of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in predicting atrial fibrillation recurrence after successful electrical cardioversion Biomed central, upstream therapy with statin and recurrence of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion. Review of the literature and meta-analysis, bmc cardiovascular disorders 2012 12:107, doi: 10.1186/1471-2261-12-107, loffredo et al.

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Presentation/quiz/newspaper articles Slideshare, defibrillation, cardioversion and pacing Slideshare, defibrillation and cardioversion Prezi, electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation Slideshare, cardioversion Cardiac/ synchronised cardioversion

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