Cardiac arrest

Cardiac arrest

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Cardiac arrest

Cardiac arrest, also known as cardiopulmonary arrest or circulatory arrest, is a sudden stop in effective blood circulation due to the failure of the heart to contract effectively or at all. Medical personnel may refer to an unexpected cardiac arrest as a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA).

A cardiac arrest is different from (but may be caused by) a myocardial infarction (also known as a heart attack), where blood flow to the muscle of the heart is impaired such that part or all of the heart tissue dies. It is different from congestive heart failure, where circulation is substandard, but the heart is still pumping sufficient blood to sustain life.

Arrested blood circulation prevents delivery of oxygen and glucose to the body. Lack of oxygen and glucose to the brain causes loss of consciousness, which then results in abnormal or absent breathing. Brain injury is likely to happen if cardiac arrest goes untreated for more than five minutes. For the best chance of survival and neurological recovery immediate treatment is important.

Cardiac arrest is a medical emergency that, in certain situations, is potentially reversible if treated early. Unexpected cardiac arrest can lead to death within minutes: this is called sudden cardiac death (SCD). The treatment for cardiac arrest is immediate defibrillation if a "shockable" rhythm is present, while cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is used to provide circulatory support and/or to induce a "shockable" rhythm.

A number of heart conditions and non-heart-related events can cause cardiac arrest; the most common cause is coronary artery disease.


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information: british heart foundation cardiac arrest sudden cardiac arrest heart rythm society sudden cardiac arrest emedicine health sudden cardiac arrest sudden cardiac arrest cardiac arrest health line cardiac arrest news heart attack and cardiac arrest difference sudden cardiac death (sudden cardiac arrest) health sudden cardiac arrest msd manuals (professional version)sudden cardiac arrest very well heart attack vs. Cardiac arrest


Advanced information: medline plus cardiac arrest medicine sudden cardiac arrest united states department of labor occupational safety and health administration saving sudden cardiac arrest victims in the workplace harvard health publications cpr during cardiac arrest: someone’s life is in your hands patient adult cardiopulmonary arrest the society for obstetric anesthesia and perinatology consensus statement on the management of cardiac arrest in pregnancy by steven lipman, md et al., anesthesia & analgesia. May 2014 • volume 118 • number 5 cardiovascular disease cardiac arrest life in the fast lane cardiac arrest management after cardiac surgery


Research: extensive colonic necrosis following cardiac arrest and successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation: report of a case and literature review by iraklis e katsoulis et al., world journal of emergency surgery20127:35 doi: 10.1186/1749-7922-7-35 case reports in nephrology
volume 2012 (2012), article id 831726, 6 pages case report:cardiac arrest secondary to bilateral pulmonary emboli following arteriovenous fistula thrombectomy: a case report with review of the literature by avni shah, naheed ansari, and zaher hamadeh review article:front. Neurol., 15 april 2014 | magnesium: potential roles in neurovascular disease by jason j chang et al., clinics vol.64 no.10 são paulo 2009 review:mortality in anesthesia: a systematic review by leandro gobbo braz et al.,;year=2014;volume=7;issue=4;spage=332;epage=340;aulast=kodali kodali bs, urman rd. Capnography during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: current evidence and future directions. J emerg trauma shock 2014;7:332-40 j cardiovasc thorac res, 2014, 6(1), 1-8 doi: 10.5681/jcvtr.2014.001 review article: main complications of mild induced hypothermia after cardiac arrest: a review article by hassan soleimanpour et al. blunt traumatic pericardial rupture and cardiac herniation with a penetrating twist: two case reportsby peter b sherren et al., scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine200917:64 doi: 10.1186/1757-7241-17-64;year=2012;volume=16;issue=1;spage=41;epage=43;aulast=chaudhuri chaudhuri s, ortega d, chaudhuri k. Asystole during pulmonary artery catheter insertion under general anesthesia. Indian j crit care med 2012;16:41-3 incidence, predisposing factors, management and survival following cardiac arrest due to subarachnoid haemorrhage: a review of the literature by markus b skrifvars and michael j parr scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine201220:75 doi: 10.1186/1757-7241-20-75 case reports in cardiology
volume 2015 (2015), article id 806291, 4 pages report:malignant course of anomalous left coronary artery causing sudden cardiac arrest: a case report and review of the literature by mahesh anantha narayanan et al;year=2015;volume=128;issue=11;spage=1536;epage=1542;aulast=gao gao y, hui kl, wang yj, wu l, duan ml, xu jg, li dx. Efficacy of mild hypothermia for the treatment of patients with cardiac arrest. Chin med j 2015;128:1536-42;year=2010;volume=3;issue=3;spage=277;epage=281;aulast=schlunt schlunt ml, wang l. Hypothermia and pediatric cardiac arrest. J emerg trauma shock 2010;3:277-81;year=2010;volume=3;issue=4;spage=389;epage=394;aulast=hunziker hunziker s, tschan f, semmer n k, howell m d, marsch s. Human factors in resuscitation: lessons learned from simulator studies. J emerg trauma shock 2010;3:389-94 high dose nitroglycerin treatment in a patient with cardiac arrest: a case report by maya guglin and gilbert postler journal of medical case reports20093:8782 doi: 10.4076/1752-1947-3-8782 cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcome reports by ian jacobs, md circulation.2004; 110: 3385-3397doi: 10.1161/01.cir.0000147236.85306.15 defibrillation time intervals and outcomes of cardiac arrest in hospital: retrospective cohort study from get with the guidelines-resuscitation registry bmj 2016;353:i1653 pediatrics april 2012, volume 129 / issue 4 from the american academy of pediatrics policy statement pediatric sudden cardiac arrest section on cardiology and cardiac surgery causes of in-hospital cardiac arrest – incidences and rate of recognition by daniel bergum et al., resuscitation volume 87, february 2015, pages 63–68 doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.11.007 time to epinephrine and survival after pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest by lars w. Andersen, md et al., jama. 2015;314(8):802-810. Doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9678. biomed research international
volume 2015 (2015), article id 314796, 14 pages review article:myocardial dysfunction and shock after cardiac arrest by jacob c. Jentzer et al.,


Other articles: pet cardiac arrest in dogs


Other helpful resources(support groups): sudden cardiac arrest foundation


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Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles: sudden cardiac arrest isn't so sudden: half of sufferers 'ignore potentially life-saving warnings in the 24 hours before collapsing'

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follow us: @mailonline on twitter | dailymail on facebook cardiac arrest victims may be ignoring life-saving warning signs the wall street journal the small warnings before cardiac arrest the times of india sudden cardiac arrest on rise among young tnn | sep 1, 2015, 07.38 am ist

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