carbon-monoxide-poisoning
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Carbon monoxide poisoning

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Carbon monoxide poisoning

Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs after too much inhalation of carbon monoxide (CO). Carbon monoxide is a toxic (poisonous) gas, but, being colorless, odorless, tasteless, and initially non-irritating, it is very difficult for people to detect. Carbon monoxide is a product of incomplete combustion of organic matter due to insufficient oxygen supply to enable complete oxidation to carbon dioxide(CO2). It is often produced in domestic or industrial settings by motor vehicles that run on gasoline, diesel, methane, or other carbon-based fuels and from tools, gas heaters, and cooking equipment that are powered by carbon-based fuels such as propane, butane and charcoal. Exposure at 100 ppm or greater can be dangerous to human health.

Symptoms of mild acute poisoning include lightheadedness, confusion, headache, vertigo, and flu-like effects; larger exposures can lead to significant toxicity of the central nervous system and heart, and death. After acute poisoning, long-term sequelae often occur. Carbon monoxide can also have severe effects on the fetus of a pregnant woman. Chronic exposure to low levels of carbon monoxide can lead to depression, confusion, and memory loss. Carbon monoxide mainly causes adverse effects in humans by combining with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO) in the blood. This prevents hemoglobin from carrying oxygen to the tissues, effectively reducing the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, leading to hypoxia. Additionally, myoglobin and mitochondrialcytochrome oxidase are thought to be adversely affected. Carboxyhemoglobin can revert to hemoglobin, but the recovery takes time because the HbCO complex is fairly stable.

Treatment of poisoning largely consists of administering 100% oxygen or providing hyperbaric oxygen therapy, although the optimum treatment remains controversial. Oxygen works as an antidote as it increases the removal of carbon monoxide from hemoglobin, in turn providing the body with normal levels of oxygen. The prevention of poisoning is a significant public health issue. Domestic carbon monoxide poisoning can be prevented by early detection with the use of household carbon monoxide detectors. Carbon monoxide poisoning is the most common type of fatal poisoning in many countries. Historically, it was also commonly used as a method to commit suicide, usually by deliberately inhaling the exhaust fumes of a running car engine. Modern automobiles, even with electronically controlled combustion and catalytic converters, can still produce levels of carbon monoxide which will kill if enclosed within a garage or if the tailpipe is obstructed (for example, by snow) and exhaust gas cannot escape normally. Carbon monoxide poisoning has also been speculated as a possible cause of apparent haunted houses; symptoms such as delirium and hallucinations may have led people suffering poisoning to think they have seen ghosts or to believe their house is haunted.

 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/carbon-monoxide-poisoning/pages/introduction.aspx carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/carbon-monoxide/basics/definition/con-20025444 carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.healthline.com/health/carbon-monoxide-poisoning health line carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/tc/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-topic-overview carbon monoxide poisoning

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/carbonmonoxidepoisoning.html medline plus carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.msdmanuals.com/professional/injuries-poisoning/poisoning/carbon-monoxide-poisoning msd manuals(professional version) carbon monoxide poisoning

https://myhealth.alberta.ca/health/pages/conditions.aspx?hwid=hw193731 my health alberta.ca carbon monoxide poisoning

https://www.healthychildren.org/english/safety-prevention/all-around/pages/how-to-prevent-carbon-monoxide-poisoning.aspx healthy children.org how to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.medicinenet.com/carbon_monoxide_poisoning_symptoms/views.htm medicine net.com carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/poison/carbon-monoxide/overview.html new york times carbon monoxide poisoning

 

Advanced information:

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/819987-overview medscape carbon monoxide toxicity

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/carbon_monoxide_poisoning/article_em.htm emedicine health carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.carbonmonoxide.ie/htm/poisoning.htm carbon monoxide.com carbon monoxide poisoning

http://patient.info/doctor/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-pro patient carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.silentshadow.org/long-term-effects-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning.html silent shadow:silent killer long term effects of carbon monoxide poisoning

https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/carbon-monoxides-impact-indoor-air-quality us environment protection agency carbon monoxide's impact on indoor air quality

http://www.nfpa.org/safety-information/for-consumers/fire-and-safety-equipment/carbon-monoxide national fire protection association carbon monoxide

http://www.britannica.com/science/carbon-monoxide-poisoning britannica carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.nhsdirect.wales.nhs.uk/encyclopaedia/c/article/carbonmonoxidepoisoning/ carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/healthy-living/a5197/carbon-monoxide-poisoning/ net doctor.com carbon monoxide poisoning

https://www.uhms.org/carbon-monoxide-poisoning/carbon-monoxide-poisoning.html under sea and hyperbaric medical society carbon monoxide poisoning

http://lifeinthefastlane.com/ccc/carbon-monoxide-poisoning/ life in the fast lane carbon monoxide poisoning

http://radiopaedia.org/articles/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-1 radiopedia carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.fpnotebook.com/er/toxin/crbnmnxdpsng.htm family practise notebook carbon monoxide poisoning

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/171876.php mnt carbon monoxide poisoning

 

Research:

http://www.onlinejets.org/article.asp?issn=0974-2700;year=2014;volume=7;issue=4;spage=280;epage=284;aulast=el
el sayed mj, tamim h. Carbon monoxide poisoning in beirut, lebanon: patient's characteristics and exposure sources. J emerg trauma shock 2014;7:280-4

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s1806-37132013000300373&lng=en&tlng=en j. Bras. Pneumol. Vol.39 no.3 são paulo may/june 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1806-37132013000300016 review article:smoke inhalation injury during enclosed-space fires: an update* by ana carolina peçanha antonio et al.,

http://www.ijaweb.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5049;year=2014;volume=58;issue=3;spage=350;epage=352;aulast=sekhar sekhar k c, rao sc. John scott haldane: the father of oxygen therapy. Indian j anaesth 2014;58:350-2

http://apjmt.mums.ac.ir/pdf_857_57b08f8acaf50d4ce957b337bd3ef1c9.html asia pacific journal of medical toxicology apjmt 2;2 http://apjmt.mums.ac.ir june 2013 an outbreak of carbon monoxide poisoning in yamagata prefecture following the great east japan earthquake by ken iseki et al.,

http://www.diclemedj.org/upload/sayi/37/dicle%20med%20j-02531.pdf comparison of carbon monoxide poisonings originated from coal stove and natural gas and the evaluation of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio by yahya kemal günaydinet al., 2015; 42 (3): 299-304 dicle medical journal doi: 10.5798/diclemedj.0921.2015.03.0578

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/scientifica/2016/6192369/ scientifica
volume 2016 (2016), article id 6192369, 4 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6192369 research article:utility of the measurement of carboxyhemoglobin level at the site of acute carbon monoxide poisoning in rural areas by makoto onodera et al.,

http://www.onlinejets.org/article.asp?issn=0974-2700;year=2014;volume=7;issue=4;spage=280;epage=284;aulast=elel sayed mj, tamim h. Carbon monoxide poisoning in beirut, lebanon: patient's characteristics and exposure sources. J emerg trauma shock 2014;7:280-4

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripe/2012/231230/ case reports in pediatrics
volume 2012 (2012), article id 231230, 3 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/231230 case report:sensorineural hearing loss following carbon monoxide poisoning by joseph p. Pillion

http://www.annalsofian.org/article.asp?issn=0972-2327;year=2008;volume=11;issue=4;spage=251;epage=253;aulast=subhaschandra subhaschandra s, jatishwor w, th.suraj. Isolated symmetrical bilateral basal ganglia t2 hyperintensity in carbon monoxide poisoning. Ann indian acad neurol 2008;11:251-3

http://www.ijoem.com/article.asp?issn=0019-5278;year=2007;volume=11;issue=2;spage=80;epage=82;aulast=bhatiabhatia r, chacko f, lal v, mittal b r. Reversible delayed neuropsychiatric syndrome following acute carbon monoxide exposure. Indian j occup environ med 2007;11:80-2

http://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1752-1947-6-421 status epilepticus and cardiopulmonary arrest in a patient with carbon monoxide poisoning with full recovery after using a neuroprotective strategy: a case report by salman abdulaziz et al., journal of medical case reports20126:421 doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-6-421 © abdulaziz et al

http://www.ijccm.org/article.asp?issn=0972-5229;year=2009;volume=13;issue=3;spage=169;epage=170;aulast=sharma sharma s, gupta r, paul bs, puri s, garg s. Accidental carbon monoxide poisoning in our homes. Indian j crit care med 2009;13:169-70

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/criot/2013/940187/ volume 2013 (2013), article id 940187, 3 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/940187 case report:hearing loss due to carbon monoxide poisoning by amir houshang mehrparvar et al.,

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa013121 hyperbaric oxygen for acute carbon monoxide poisoning by lindell k. Weaver n engl j med 2002; 347:1057-1067october 3, 2002doi: 10.1056/nejmoa013121

 

Other articles:

http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/respiratory/c_dg_carbon_monoxide_toxicosis carbon monoxide poisoning in dogs

https://www.vetary.com/dog/condition/carbon-monoxide-poisoning carbon monoxide poisoning in dogs
read more at: https://www.vetary.com/dog/condition/carbon-monoxide-poisoning

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lchtrtdshsm carbon monoxide poisoning / educational video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wkirbq2pwvw carbon monoxide poisoning

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xe7pcf_hjck carbon monoxide poisoning: causes, symptoms, and when to utilize hyperbaric medicine

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zzto-mecljq carbon monoxide poisoning | signs, symptoms and treatment

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5kkxzyrfuuk carbon monoxide poisoning explained

 

Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/real-life-stories/thought-early-dementia-three-years-5930721 i thought i had early dementia but for three years i was poisoned by carbon monoxide

http://www.nbcphiladelphia.com/news/local/4-killed-in-apparent-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-at-wilmington-apartment-building-373592651.html 4 people, 1 dog killed in apparent carbon monoxide poisoning at wilmington apartment building the cause of the carbon monoxide buildup was not yet known by vince lattanzio

http://www.nbcwashington.com/news/local/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-366716671.html at least 6 die of carbon monoxide poisoning after massive snowstorm

http://fox8.com/2016/02/17/at-least-13-people-treated-for-carbon-monoxide-poisoning/ at least 13 people treated for carbon monoxide poisoning posted 4:11 am, february 17, 2016, by darren sweeney, updated at 10:10am, february 17, 2016

http://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2016/02/carbon_monoxide_potential_caus.html carbon monoxide potential cause behind death of family of six

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