bronchiolitis
18
Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is inflammation of the bronchioles, the smallest air passages of the lungs. It presents with cough, wheezing and shortness of breath which can cause some children difficulty in feeding. This is usually caused by respiratory syncytial virus and is much more common in the winter months. Although infection with respiratory syncytial virus may occur at any age, the clinical disease bronchiolitis develops only in infants and young children. About 75% of cases of bronchiolitis occur in children younger than 1 year of age and 95% occur in children younger than 2 years of age, with a peak incidence at 2–8 months of age. Risk factors include: age younger than 6 months, bottle feeding, prematurity, exposure to cigarette smoke, and crowded living conditions. The virus is transmitted from person-to-person by direct contact with nasal secretions or by airborne droplets.
 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information

http://patient.info/doctor/bronchiolitis-pro. Patient, bronchiolitis

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/961963-overview. Medscape, bronchiolitis

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bronchiolitis/home/ovc-20201572. Mayo clinic, bronchiolitis

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000975.htm. Medline plus, bronchiolitis

http://www.healthline.com/health/bronchiolitis. Healthline, bronchiolitis

http://www.webmd.com/lung/tc/bronchiolitis-topic-overview. Webmd ,bronchiolitis

https://www.starship.org.nz/for-health-professionals/starship-clinical-guidelines/b/bronchiolitis/. Starship children’s health, bronchiolitis

https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pediatrics/respiratory-disorders-in-young-children/bronchiolitis. Merck manual, bronchiolitis

http://www.medicinenet.com/bronchiolitis/article.htm. Medicine.net, bronchiolitis

https://www.hse.ie/eng/health/az/b/bronchiolitis/. Health service executive, bronchiolitis
 

http://www.pathophys.org/bronchiolitis/. Mcmaster pathphysiology review, bronchiolitis



Advanced information

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/134/5/e1474. American academy of pediatrics, clinical practice guideline: the diagnosis, management, and prevention of bronchiolitis

http://www.cps.ca/en/documents/position/bronchiolitis1. Canaidan pediatric society, bronchiolitis: recommendations for diagnosis, monitoring and management of children one to 24 months of age

http://cardiothoracicsurgery.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1749-8090-6-92. Biomed central, journal of cardiothoracic surgery20116:92, doi: 10.1186/1749-8090-6-92, hayes

https://respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/rr183. Biomed central, prevention and treatment of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis and postbronchiolitic wheezing

https://www.thoracic.org/statements/resources/lts/bos-cpg.pdf. Clinical practice guidelines: diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome

http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/29/5/1007. Bronchiolitis obliterans following haematopoietic stem cell transplantation

http://www.thoracicmedicine.org/article.asp?issn=1817-1737;year=2008;volume=3;issue=2;spage=67;epage=75;aulast=al-ghanem. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: pathogenesis, clinical features, imaging and therapy review


Research

http://respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1465-9921-12-5. Biomed central, parental and household smoking and the increased risk of bronchitis, bronchiolitis and other lower respiratory infections in infancy: systematic review and meta-analysis, respiratory research201112:5, doi: 10.1186/1465-9921-12-5, jones et al.

Http://www.hindawi.com/journals/crim/2016/8431741/. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia as an initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus: a rare case report and literature review, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8431741

http://www.italjmed.org/index.php/ijm/article/view/itjm.2013.424/688. Adult swyer-james-macleod syndrome: report of two cases and review of the literature, l. Abate et al. Doi: 10.4081/itjm.2014.424

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s0041-87812003000100009. Scielo, bronchiolitis, respiratory syncytial virus, and recurrent wheezing: what is the relationship? Http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0041-87812003000100009

http://www.joacp.org/article.asp?issn=0970-9185;year=2012;volume=28;issue=4;spage=505;epage=507;aulast=rahman. Quinine-induced bronchiolitis obliterans and organizing pneumonia, journal of anaesthesiology clinical pharmacology, doi: 10.4103/0970-9185.101942

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s2213007116300065. Sciencedirect, phenytoin induced steven–johnson syndrome and bronchiolitis obliterans – case report and review of literature, doi:10.1016/j.rmcr.2016.01.006

http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripe/2016/1096953/. Follicular bronchiolitis in a nigerian female child: a case report and review of the literature, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1096953

https://www.jci.org/articles/view/75183. The journal of clinical investigation, tlr4 genotype and environmental lps mediate rsv bronchiolitis through th2 polarization

http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/196/6/826.long. Genetic susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis is predominantly associated with innate immune genes, the journal of infectious diseases

http://cpj.sagepub.com/content/54/1/62.full. Sage journal, outpatient management of home oxygen for bronchiolitis

http://www.cochrane.org/cd004873/ari_chest-physiotherapy-acute-bronchiolitis-children-younger-two-years-age. Cochrane, chest physiotherapy for acute bronchiolitis in children younger than two years of age

http://www.cochranelibrary.com/topic/infectious%20disease/respiratory%20infections/bronchiolitis/. Cochrane library


Related topics

http://www.chop.edu/clinical-pathway/bronchiolitis-emergent-evaluation-clinical-pathway. Ed pathway for evaluation/treatment of
children with bronchiolitis

http://med.stanford.edu/clinicaltrials/trials/nct01307462. Targeted therapy of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome

https://www.nationaljewish.org/healthinfo/condition-information/bronchiolitis-obliterans. National jewish health, bronchiolitis obliterans: overview

http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/bronchiolitis.html#. Kids health, bronchiolitis

http://www.babycentre.co.uk/a1754/bronchiolitis. Baby centre

http://www.orpha.net/consor/cgi-bin/oc_exp.php?lng=en&expert=7127. Orphanet


Other articles

https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs122. Nice

http://www.bpac.org.nz/bpj/2012/september/bronchiolitis.aspx. Bronchiolitis in infants

http://emergencymedicinecases.com/episode-59-bronchiolitis/. Emergency medicine cases

http://www.hra.nhs.uk/news/research-summaries/exercise-ability-in-children-with-obliterative-bronchiolitis-version-1/. Exercise ability in children with obliterative bronchiolitis

http://imgur.com/gallery/bsp2u. E-cigarettes cause a horrible incurable disease called ‘popcorn lung’



Other helpful resources

https://www.blf.org.uk/support-for-you/bronchiolitis. British lung foundation

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/bronchiolitis/pages/introduction.aspx. Nhs

http://www.lung.org/support-and-community/?referrer=http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/bronchiolitis/. American lung association

https://www.morethanacold.co.uk/. More than a cold

https://www.asthmafoundation.org.nz/your-health/living-with-childhood-bronchiolitis. Acute respiratory foundation nz

http://www.bliss.org.uk/bronchiolitis. Bliss for babies born premature or sick


Related videos

https://www.khanacademy.org/science/health-and-medicine/respiratory-system-diseases/bronchiolitis/v/what-is-bronchiolitis. Khan academy, what is bronchiolitis?

Http://www.parents.com/videos/v/97819233/when-to-worry-bronchiolitis.htm. Parents, when to worry: bronchiolitis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2cglh-cib7m. Youtube, bronchiolitis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fwcitp5jceg. Youtube, what is bronchiolitis?

Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cs-8nuppnhy. Youtube, bronchiolitis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yznobrh4nog. Youtube, bronchiolitis pathophysiology

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bvstrpyppdy. Youtube, aap guidelines for bronchiolitis

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xcu5xyrsqo. Youtube, differences between asthma & bronchiolitis in children


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5y0a1mflz-i. Youtube, infants & children with a cough: bronchiolitis & croup


Presentation/quiz/newspaper articles

http://www.slideshare.net/talebalmarri/bronchiolitis. Slideshare, bronchiolitis

http://www.slideshare.net/dangthanhtuan/bronchiolitis. Slideshare, bronchiolitis

https://prezi.com/ui3aldu5nain/bronchiolitis-case-study/. Prezi, bronchiolitis case study

https://prezi.com/88evvvg9brq2/bronchiolitis-presentation/. Prezi, bronchiolitis guidelines

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/bronchiolitis/overview.html. The new york times

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/department-for-work-and-pensions-bronchiolitis-obliterans-and-food-flavouring-agents-report-july-2008. Bronchiolitis obliterans and food flavouring agents: iiac report

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2009-11/ats-api110209.php. Air pollution increases infants' risk of bronchiolitis

http://theweek.com/articles/639363/what-ecigarettes-lungs. The week, what do e-cigarettes do to your lungs?

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