Borderline personality disorder(bpd) / Emotionally unstable personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder(bpd) / Emotionally unstable personality disorder

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020
Borderline personality disorder(bpd) / Emotionally unstable personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by extreme fear of abandonment; unstable relationships with other people, sense of self, or emotions; feelings of emptiness; frequent dangerous behavior; and self-harm. Symptoms may be triggered by seemingly normal events. This pattern of behavior typically begins by early adulthood, and occurs across a variety of situations. People with BPD often engage in idealization and devaluation of others, alternating between high positive regard and great disappointment. Substance abuse, depression, and eating disorders commonly co-exist with borderline personality disorder. About 6% die by suicide.

The cause of BPD is unclear but is believed to involve both genetic and environmental factors. Studies done on twins suggest that the illness is partly inherited from one's parents. Traits such as impulsiveness and aggression can be attributed to temperament. There is evidence that abnormalities of the fronto limbic networks are associated with many of the symptoms. The disorder is recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Since a personality disorder is a pervasive, enduring, and inflexible pattern of maladaptive inner experiences and pathological behavior, there is a general reluctance to diagnose personality disorders before adolescence or early adulthood. Diagnosis is based on the symptoms while a medical exam may be done to rule out other problems.

Borderline personality disorder is typically treated with counseling such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Another type, dialectical behavior therapy has been found to reduce the risk of suicide. Therapy may occur one-on-one or as a group. While medications do not cure BPD they may be used for the associated symptoms. About 1.6% of people have BPD in a given year.[3] Some require care in hospital. There is an ongoing debate about the naming of the disorder, especially the suitability of the word "borderline". The ICD-10 manual refers to the disorder as emotionally unstable personality disorder and has similar diagnostic criteria. In theDSM-5, the name of the disorder remains the same as in the previous editions.


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information: national institute of mental health borderline personality disorder borderline personality disorder definition national alliance of mental health borderline personality disorder borderline personality disorder sane australia borderline personality disorder help guide org borderline personality disorder borderline personality disorder mental health america borderline personality disorder spectrum borderline personality disorder psycology today borderline personality disorder mind health connect borderline personality disorder borderline personality disorder borderline personality disorder center for addiction and mental health borderline personality disorder service executive borderline personality disorder


Advanced information: psych cental borderline personality disorder mental health foundation of new zealand borderline personality disorder practice guideline for the treatment of patients with borderline personality disorder by john m. Oldham, m.d., chair borderline personality disorder borderline personality disorder emotionally unstable personality disorder behave net diagnostic criteria for 301.83 borderline personality disorder borderline personality disorder borderline personality disorder nice clinical guideline 78 borderline personality disorder: treatment and management psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder workshop on mentalisation based treatment by anthony bateman & peter fonagy disturbance of self in borderline personality disorder: an integrative approach ross michael lafleur university of wisconsin-milwaukee


Research: borderline personality disorder why ‘fast and furious’? By martin brüne* emph (2016) 2016 (1): 52-66.doi: 10.1093/emph/eow002 ten-year course of borderline personality disorderpsychopathology and function from the collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study by john g. Gunderson, md et al., arch gen psychiatry. 2011;68(8):827-837. Doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.37. pediatrics october 2014, volume 134 / issue 4 borderline personality disorder in adolescence by michael kaess, romuald brunner, andrew chanen review article:pharmacotherapy for borderline personality disorder: cochrane systematic review of randomised trials by klaus lieb, birgit völlm, gerta rücker, antje timmer, jutta m. Stoffers the british journal of psychiatry dec 2009, 196 (1) 4-12; doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.108.062984 borderline personality disorder and substance use disorders: a review and integration by timothy j. Trull et al., clinical psychology review, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 235–253, 2000,%20childhood%20trauma2.pdf linda baird hakomi forum – issue 19-20-21 summer 2008 31 childhood trauma in the etiology of borderline personality disorder:theoretical considerations and therapeutic interventions by linda baird, m.a., lpc, cht borderline personality disorder: pathways to effective service delivery and clinical treatment options by roy krawitz with christine watson

Varghese bs, rajeev a, norrish m, al khusaiby sb. Topiramate for anger control: a systematic review. Indian j pharmacol [serial online] 2010 [cited 2016 may 18];42:135-41. Available from: psychotherapeutic approaches to non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents by jason j washburn et al., child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health20126:14 doi: 10.1186/1753-2000-6-14 kitchiner, neil j. Et al. Systematic review and meta-analyses of psychosocial interventions for veterans of the military. European journal of psychotraumatology, [s.l.], dec. 2012. Issn 2000-8066. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 may. 2016. Doi: review article front. Hum. Neurosci., 15 august 2013 | what can psychiatric disorders tell us about neural processing of the self? By weihua zhao, lizhu luo, qin li and keith m. Kendrick rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. Vol.37 no.2 são paulo apr./june 2015 epub may 01, 2015 review articles:personality disorders in euthymic bipolar patients: a systematic review by severino bezerra-filho et al psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: what a neurologist should know by taoufik alsaad et al health, 2014, 6, 2081-2088 published online september 2014 in scires. Http:// informed consent for research in borderline personality disorder by rachel e dew bmc medical ethicsbmc series ¿ open, inclusive and trusted20078:4 doi: 10.1186/1472-6939-8-4 a systematic review of personality disorder, race and ethnicity: prevalence, aetiology and treatment by angela mcgilloway et al.,bmc psychiatrybmc series ¿ open, inclusive and trusted201010:33 doi: 10.1186/1471-244x-10-33 review article front. Hum. Neurosci., 03 september 2014 | frontal dysfunctions of impulse control – a systematic review in borderline personality disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder by alexandra sebastian et al.,


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Presentations/quiz/newspaper articles: seminar borderline personality disorder by klaus lieb et al., vol 364 july 31, 2004

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