Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020

The term azoospermia is used when there are no sperms in the semen. It should not be confused with aspermia, which means there is no semen. There are several causes for azoospermia. Hormone related causes like low FSH (Follicular Stimulating Hormone) or LH (Luteinizing Hormone); testicular causes like infections or genetic disorders; obstruction in the ducts that connect testis to the urethra may cause azoospermia. Diagnosis is made by testing semen, blood work for hormones and imaging studies of the testes. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Testicular biopsy is performed to collect few sperms. These sperms may be used for artificial fertilization or ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection).


We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.


Basic information: urology times – the azoospermic male – contemporary evaluation and treatment. natural fertility info - azoospermia - know your options for treatment. wuhan dr. lee’s tcm clinic – azoospermia the turek clinic – azoospermia – causes, treatment and success stories


Advanced information: society for reproductive medicine - evaluation of azoospermic male weill cornell medical college james buchanan brady foundation, department of urology - management of men with non-obstructive azoospermia


Research: european association of urology – european urology supplements – testicular sperm retrieval in azoospermic men american urological association - the management of obstructive azoospermia: aua best practice statement global library of women’s medicine – genes causing azoospermia and oligozoospermia


Related topics: center for human reproduction – male infertility fertility and sterility - increased risk of cancer among azoospermic men. urology hub - azoospermia and spermatogenesis in testicular cancer


Other articles: natural health for fertility - azoospermia homeopathy medscape - freezing sperm a viable option in azoospermic men


Related videos: male infertility - azoospermia

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