anal-cancer
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Anal cancer

Anal cancer

Last Reviewed : 12/24/2020

Anal cancer is a cancer (malignant tumor) which arises from the anus, the distal opening of the gastrointestinal tract. It is a distinct entity from the more common colorectal cancer.

Anal cancer is typically an anal squamous cell carcinoma that arises near the squamocolumnar junction, often linked to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. It may be keratinizing (basaloid) or non-keratinizing (cloacogenic). Other types of anal cancer areadenocarcinoma, lymphoma, sarcoma or melanoma. From data collected 2004-2010, the relative five year survival rate in the United States is 65.5%, though individual rates may vary depending upon the stage of cancer at diagnosis and the response to treatment.

 

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

 

Basic information:

http://www.webmd.com/cancer/what-is-anal-cancer webmd what is anal cancer?

http://www.cancer.gov/types/anal/patient/anal-treatment-pdq#section/_26 nih national cancer institute. anal cancer treatment–patient version (pdq®)

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/analcancer/detailedguide/anal-cancer-what-is-anal-cancer what is anal cancer?

http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/anal-cancer/symptoms-and-signs cancer.net anal cancer: symptoms and signs

https://www.fascrs.org/patients/disease-condition/anal-cancer american society of colon and rectal surgeons. anal cancer

http://www.cancervic.org.au/about-cancer/cancer_types/anal_cancer cancer council victoria anal cancer

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anal-cancer/basics/symptoms/con-20024923 mayoclinic symptoms

http://www.cancerhealercenter.com/cancer-type/anal-cancer cancer health centre about anal cancer

http://www.healthline.com/health/anal-cancer#overview1 health line.the anal cancer overview.

http://patient.info/doctor/anal-carcinoma patient anal carcinoma

http://www.msdmanuals.com/home/digestive-disorders/tumors-of-the-digestive-system/anal-cancer msd manual anal cancer by elliot m. livstone, md

https://www.beatingbowelcancer.org/understanding-bowel-cancer/about-bowel-cancer/what-is-anal-cancer/ beating bowel cancer what is anal cancer?

http://www.dermnetnz.org/site-age-specific/anal-cancer.html dermnetz anal cancer and anal canal cancer

http://oncolex.org/anal-cancer/background/metastaticpattern oncolex about anal cancer

https://www.meb.uni-bonn.de/cancer.gov/cdr0000258179.html mednews general information about anal cancer

https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-conditions/cancer/anal-cancer.html stanford health care what is anal cancer?

 

Advanced information:

http://www.medicinenet.com/anal_cancer/article.htm medicine net.com anal cancer

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/156549.php mnt anal cancer: symptoms, causes and treatments

http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/type/anal-cancer/ cancer research uk. anal cancer

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/281237-overview medscape rectal cancer

https://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/anal_cancer/ uscf medical centre. anal cancer

https://www.bowelcanceraustralia.org/what-is-anal-cancer bowel cancer australia.what is anal cancer.

http://colorectal.surgery.ucsf.edu/conditions--procedures/anal-cancer.aspx university of california,san fransisco. anal cancer

https://annonc.oxfordjournals.org/content/25/suppl_3/iii10.full.pdf+html anal cancer: esmo-esso-estro clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up† by r. glynne-jones et al annals of oncology 25 (supplement 3): iii10–iii20, 2014 doi:10.1093/annonc/mdu159 published online 6 july 2014

http://www.oncolink.org/types/article.cfm?c=110&id=9497 oncolink anal cancer: the basics

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_anal_cancer clevland clinic anal cancer

http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=anal-cancer-therapy radiology info.org anal cancer treatment

http://www.cancernetwork.com/cancer-management/colon-rectal-and-anal-cancers cancer network colon, rectal, and anal cancers may 01, 2014 | cancer management by steven r. alberts, md, mph, deborah citrin, md, and miguel rodriguez-bigas, md

http://www.conservapedia.com/homosexuality_and_anal_cancer conservapedia homosexuality and anal cancer

http://www.indiacancersurgerysite.com/anal-cancer-treatment-india.html india cancer surgery site. anal cancer treatment india

http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/anal/treatment/radiation-therapy/potential-side-effects/?region=on potential side effects of radiation therapy for anal cancer

http://www.bmc.org/obgyn/services/specialprograms-anal-cancer-dysplasia.htm anal dysplasia and anal cancer

http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs-wm/45922.pdf pet-ct in anal cancer: indications and limit by massimiliano mistrangelo and adriana lesca.

https://www.rtog.org/linkclick.aspx?fileticket=dgflrovkq6w= elective clinical target volumes in anorectal cancer: an rtog consensus panel contouring atlas by r myerson et al.

http://centerforaids.org/pdfs/rita1213.pdf

 

Research:

http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/hpv/statistics/anal.htm hpv-associated anal cancer rates by race and ethnicity

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3322/caac.21259/full anal cancer: current standards in care and recent changes in practice by ravi shridhar md, phd,,david shibata md, facs, fascrs,,emily chan md, phd ,charles r. thomas jr., md . ca: a cancer journal for clinicians volume 65, issue 2, pages 139–162, march/april 2015 doi: 10.3322/caac.21259

http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/content/12/5/524.full anal cancer: an overview hope e. uronis and johanna c. bendell doi:10.1634/theoncologist.12-5-524the oncologist may 2007 vol. 12 no. 5 524-534

http://annonc.oxfordjournals.org/content/20/suppl_4/iv57.long anal cancer: esmo clinical recommendations for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up by r. glynne-jones,j. northover,j. oliveira and on behalf of the esmo guidelines working group*ann oncol (2009) 20 (suppl 4):iv57-iv60.doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdp129

http://jgo.amegroups.com/article/view/2694/html journalof gastrointestinal oncology hdr brachytherapy for anal cancer by peter niehoff, gyoergy kovács .vol5,no 3 doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2078-6891.2014.027

http://www.cfp.ca/content/61/11/e509.full reasons for delays in diagnosis of anal cancer and the effect on patient satisfaction sharon chiu, md et al. canadian family physiciannovember 2015 vol. 61 no. 11e509-e516.

care new england. "connection between anal cancer, hpv." sciencedaily. sciencedaily, 17 february 2016. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160217140425.htm .

http://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2407-12-398 hpv infection, anal intra-epithelial neoplasia (ain) and anal cancer: current issues by margaret a stanley,david m winder, jane c sterling and peter kc goon.,bmc cancer201212:398 doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-12-398.

http://jaoa.org/article.aspx?articleid=2094205 anal cancer and screening guidelines for human papillomavirus in men by richard a. ortoski, do; christine s. kell, phd the journal of the american osteopathic association, march 2011, vol. 111, s35-s43.

http://www.thegreenjournal.com/article/s0167-8140(14)00176-5/fulltext radiotherapy and oncology anal cancer: esmo–esso–estro clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up by robert glynne-jones et al june 2014volume 111, issue 3, pages 330–339

http://www.ajronline.org/doi/full/10.2214/ajr.11.8027 imaging of anal carcinoma by rohit kochhar et al. american journal of roentgenology >volume 199, issue 3 >imaging of anal carcinoma

http://www.acog.org/about-acog/acog-districts/district-ii/cervical-and-anal-cancer acog meta-analysis: cervical cancer screening strategies can't be applied to anal cancer prevention source: physician's first watch for march 23, 2012

http://www.em-consulte.com/en/article/212420 sentinel lymph node biopsy in anal cancer: a review by m. mistrangelo gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
volume 33, n° 5 pages 446-450 (mai 2009) doi : 10.1016/j.gcb.2009.01.009

http://www.njmonline.nl/getpdf.php?id=1355 the increasing incidence of anal cancer:can it be explained by trends in risk groups? by r.p. van der zee oct o ber 2013, v o l. 71,

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s2237-93632014000200076 clinicopathological aspects and prevalence of human papillomavirus in anal cancer by marina tayla mesquita aguiar et al. j. coloproctol. (rio j.) vol.34 no.2 rio de janeiro apr./june 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcol.2014.03.004

http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/lgbt.2015.0086 hpv and anal cancer knowledge among hiv-infected and non-infected men who have sex with men fenkl eric a., jones sandra gracia, schochet elie, and johnson paulette. lgbt health. january 2016, 3(1): 42-48. doi:10.1089/lgbt.2015.0086.

 

Related topics:

http://www.ayurveda-cancer.org/cancerbysystem10.htm anal cancer

http://www.doctorcancer.org/anal-cancer/ anal cancer homeopathy and cancer.

 

Other articles:

http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/cancer/c_multi_adenocarcinoma_anal petmd anal gland cancer in dog

other helpful resources(support groups):

https://www.macmillan.org.uk/information-and-support/anal-cancer macmillan support group.

http://www.analcancerfoundation.org/ the hpv and anal cancer foundation

 

Related videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xfelfw07s-c anal cancer signs and symptoms pictures

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vfbcpygxh68 anal carcinoma

http://www.cancercenter.com/anal-cancer/stages/ cancer staging

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfajbb_g_jq anal cancer, what causes this

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ifk5ncx5hla anal cancer - causes, symptoms, treatments & more…

presentations/quiz/newspaper articles:

http://www.fda.gov/newsevents/newsroom/pressannouncements/ucm237941.htm fda: gardasil approved to prevent anal cancer

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