Acute pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis

Last Reviewed : 12/23/2020
Acute pancreatitis

Pancreas is a gland in the abdomen that helps with digestion. Acute pancreatitis is a clinical condition where pancreas is inflamed resulting in abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Two main causes of acute pancreatitis are alcohol and gall stones. There are several other causes like medications, infections, trauma, high triglyceride levels, high calcium levels, auto immune disorders etc. It is usually diagnosed with CT scan of the abdomen and some blood work. Ultrasound of the gallbladder is done to look for gall stones. Some other blood work is done to look for possible causes. Mild pancreatitis may not need hospitalization, however, severe pancreatitis can be life threatening. It is usually treated with conservative management including intravenous fluids, bowel rest, pain medications and nausea medications. In rare cases, antibiotics and surgery may be needed when pancreatitis is associated with complications like pancreatic necrosis or infected pancreas, pancreatic pseudocyst etc. Quitting alcohol and removing gall stones might help to prevent recurrent pancreatitis.

We researched this topic for you and found the following best online resources. They are categorized into basic, advanced, and research level based on the extent of information you need. You will be taken to the respective websites by pressing on the links below.

Basic Information: Acute pancreatitis Mayo Clinic. Acute Pancreatitis emedicinehealth. Pancreatitis The National Pancreas Foundation. Acute Pancreatitis Merck Manual. Acute Pancreatitis Patient. Acute Pancreatitis. Cleveland Clinic. Pancreatitis. Pancreatitis


Advanced Information: Munsell. Acute pancreatitis. J Hosp Med 2010;5(4):241-50. American Pancreatic Association. Pancreapedia. Introduction to pancreatic disease – acute pancreatitis. Merck Manual. Acute Pancreatitis Medicine. Acute Pancreatitis Family Practice Notebook. Acute Pancreatitis. British Society of Gastroenterology. United Kingdom guidelines for management of acute pancreatitis.

Acute Pancreatitis
Emerg Med (Los Angel) 2015, 5: 267. 5:4, (2015)

Appropriate Search of the Etiologies (Causes) of Acute Pancreatitis
Pancreat Disord Ther 2014, 4:2. 4:2, (2014) Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. Managing Severe Acute Pancreatitis. CCJM 2013 Jun;80(6):354-359.



Research: Acute Pancreatitis. Edited by Luis Rodrigo. Published by InTech The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. CONSENSUS STATEMENT - ESPEN guidelines on nutrition in acute pancreatitis. American College of Gastroenterology. Mangement of Acute Pancreatitis. International Association of Pancreatology/American Pancreatic Association. Evidence based guidelines for management of acute pancreatitis. Management of Acute Pancreatitis Clinical Guidelines. Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Prof. N. O’Higgins (Chairman), Mr. P. Gillen, Mr. T. N. Walsh, Ms. Beatrice Doran, Ms. Paula Wilson. Waldemar Uhl and Hans Günther Beger, “Prediction of Severity in Acute Pancreatitis,” HPB Surgery, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 61-64, 1991. doi:10.1155/1991/78406 Young and Thomspon. Severe acute pancreatitis. Contin Educ Anaesth Crit Care Pain 2008;8(4):125-128. Journal of Biomarkers. Role of Biomarkers in Diagnosis and Prognostic Evaluation of Acute Pancreatitis. Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 519534, 13 pages “Enteral Nutrition and Acute Pancreatitis: A Review,” . B. W. M. Spanier, M. J. Bruno, and E. M. H. Mathus-Vliegen, Gastroenterology Research and Practice, vol. 2011, Article ID 857949, 9 pages, 2011. doi:10.1155/2011/857949 “Pancreatic Enzyme Supplementation in Acute Pancreatitis,” R. V. Patankar, R. Chand, and C. D. Johnson, HPB Surgery, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 159-162, 1995. doi:10.1155/1995/89612 “Comparison of Ranson, Glasgow, MOSS, SIRS, BISAP, APACHE-II, CTSI Scores, IL-6, CRP, and Procalcitonin in Predicting Severity, Organ Failure, Pancreatic Necrosis, and Mortality in Acute Pancreatitis,” Ajay K. Khanna, Susanta Meher, Shashi Prakash, et al., HPB Surgery, vol. 2013, Article ID 367581, 10 pages, 2013. doi:10.1155/2013/367581

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease as a Risk Factor for Acute Pancreatitis: A Case Control Study
Emerg Med (Los Angel) 2015, 5: 261. 5:4, (2015)

Acute Pancreatitis is a Chronic Disease
Pancreatic Dis Ther 2013, 3: 118. 3:2, (2013)

Modern Surgical Concepts in the Treatment of Severe Acute Pancreatitis? An Individualized Approach to the Patient
Pancreat Disord Ther 2013, 3: 125. 3:3, (2013)

Role of Oxidative Stress in the Pathogenesis of Pancreatitis: Effect of Antioxidant Therapy
Pancreat Disorders Ther 2013, 3:112. 3:1, (2013)

Cardiovascular Alterations Associated with Acute Pancreatitis
Pancreat Disorders Ther 2012, 2:e118. 2:3, (2012)


Related Topics: A Rare and Unexpected Side-Effect of Cannabis Use: Abdominal Pain due to Acute Pancreatitis
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 463836, 2 pages Severe Hypertriglyceridemia Induced Pancreatitis in Pregnancy. Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 485493, 5 pages Acute Pancreatitis as the Initial Presentation of Systematic Lupus Erythematosus. Yi Jia, Arleen Ortiz, Richard Mccallum, Hasan Salameh, and Pedro Serrato, Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 571493, 4 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/571493 Role of statins in acute pancreatitis and symptomatic cholelithiasis. Jukka Pulkkinen. Dissertations in Health Sciences “Parenteral Nutrition Combined with Enteral Nutrition for Severe Acute Pancreatitis,” Akanand Singh, Ming Chen, Tao Li, Xiao-Li Yang, Jin-Zheng Li, and Jian-Ping Gong, ISRN Gastroenterology, vol. 2012, Article ID 791383, 7 pages, 2012. doi:10.5402/2012/791383 E. O'Halloran, A. Hogan, and K. Mealy, “Metronidazole-Induced Pancreatitis,” HPB Surgery, vol. 2010, Article ID 523468, 4 pages, 2010. doi:10.1155/2010/523468 “Emblica Officinalis: A Novel Therapy for Acute Pancreatitis — An Experimental Study,” S. P. Thorat, N. N. Rege, A. S. Naik, et al., HPB Surgery, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 25-30, 1995. doi:10.1155/1995/51310 JEAN-LOUIS FROSSARD,ANTOINE HADENGUE, and CATHERINE M. PASTOR "New Serum Markers for the Detection of Severe Acute Pancreatitis in Humans", American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 164, No. 1 (2001), pp. 162-170.

doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.164.1.2008026

Other Articles: The New York Times. Acute Pancreatitis Science Daily. False alarm from the body may be responsible for acute pancreatitis. Chicago Butcher Recovers from Acute Pancreatitis to Celebrate 30th Anniversary

Medically Induced Coma and Several Surgeries Help Beat The Odds to Survive

Released:8-Jan-2015 12:00 PM EST
Source Newsroom: Loyola University Health System


Other Helpful Resources: Pancreatitis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases


Related Videos: The national pancreas foundation – acute pancreatitis YouTube. Acute Pancreatitis YouTube. University of Louisville Lecture Series

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