Acoustic Neuroma is a benign primary intracranial tumor of the myelin-forming cells of the vestibulocochlear nerve (8th cranial nerve). Symptoms include loss, Tinnitus, Loss of balance, Ears, Facial weakness or paralysis, Headache and other advanced symptoms.
Conventional audiometry is the most useful diagnostic test for acoustic neuroma. Acoustics can be diagnosed either by a medical doctor with otologic expertise who can integrate together the entire picture, or with an MRI scan with gadolinium of the brain. Acoustic neuromas are managed in one of the following 3 ways: (1) surgical excision of the tumor, (2) arresting tumor growth using stereotactic radiation therapy, or (3) careful serial observation.
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