Achilles tendinitis (also Achilles tenosynovitis or Achilles tendinopathy) is inflammation of the Achilles tendon, generally caused by overuse of the affected limb and is more common among athletes training under less than ideal conditions. Symptoms can vary from an ache or pain and swelling to the local area of the ankles, or a burning that surrounds the whole joint.
Treatment is possible with ice, cold compression therapy, wearing heel pads to reduce the strain on the tendon, and an exercise routine designed to strengthen the tendon (see eccentric strengthening, above). Other treatments may include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, ultrasound therapy, manual therapy techniques, a rehabilitation program, and in rare cases, application of a plaster cast.
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